• 学习内容

Module 1


单词
diet ['daɪət] n./vi. 饮食,日常食物;照医生的规定饮食
fat [fæt] n. 脂肪
fit [fɪt] adj. 健康的;强健的
flu [fluː] n. (=influenza) 流行性感冒 
rare [reə] adj. 稀少的;罕有的
toothache ['tuːθeɪk] n. 牙痛
unhealthy [ʌn'helθɪ] adj. 不健康的;有碍健康的
wealthy ['welθɪ] adj. 富裕的;有钱的
rarely ['reəlɪ] adv. 稀少地;极少地
proverb ['prɒvɜːb] n. 谚语
anxious ['æŋkʃəs] adj. 焦虑的;不安的;渴望的
captain ['kæptɪn] n. 队长
injure ['ɪndʒə] vt. 伤害
injury ['ɪndʒəri] n. 伤害;损伤;受伤处
pain [peɪn] n. 疼痛
painful ['peɪnfʊl] adj. 疼痛的
normal ['nɔːm(ə)l] adj. 正常的;一般的
lifestyle ['laɪfstaɪl] n. 生活方式
head [hed] vi. 朝……方向前进
eye [aɪ] vt. 注视;观看
overweight [əʊvə'weɪt] adj. (人)太胖的;超重的
lung [lʌŋ] n. 肺
throat [θrəʊt] n. 喉咙;咽喉;嗓子
breathe [briːð] vi. 呼吸
pneumonia [njuː'məʊnɪə] n. 肺炎
prescription [prɪ'skrɪpʃ(ə)n] n. 处方
symptom ['sɪm(p)təm] n. 症状
X-ray ['eksreɪ] n. X光
awful ['ɔːfʊl] adj. 可怕的;吓人的
insurance [ɪn'ʃʊər(ə)ns] n. 保险
questionnaire /ˌkwestʃə'nεə/ n. 问卷;问卷调查;调查表


短语
1.be connected with 和……有联系
2. take exercise锻炼
3. be crazy about 迷恋
4. have a temperature发烧
5. lie down 躺下
6. begin with 以……开始
7. put…into… 将……投入……
8.become/fall ill 生病
9. head towards/to/for… 朝……前进
10. catch/get a cold 感冒
11. get flu 染上流感
12. have a sweet tooth 好吃甜食
13. get/be injured受伤
14. return to normal 恢复正常
15. above normal 超过正常标准
16. below normal 低于正常标准
17. breathe deeply=take a deep breath 深呼吸
18. out of breath 上气不接下气
catch one’s breath 喘口气
hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸
19. keep fit/healthy 保持健康
20. keep us fit/healthy保持我们的身体健康
21. be fit for 适合
22. be off work不工作,休息
23. be out of work 失业
24. be at work 在上班
25. keep…away 使离开
26. at least 至少
27. at most 至多
28. be worried/anxious about 为……而担忧
29. be anxious for… 渴望……
30. be anxious for sb to do... 渴望某人做……
31. see sb doing... 看到某人正在做……
32. make sure 确保
33. would rather do sth 宁愿做某事
34. go/be on a diet 节食
35. a bit of 一点儿,有点儿
36. miss school 缺课
37. pay for支付
38 a free health care system 免费医疗体系
39. the problem with… ……的问题
40. have problems with… 有……的问题
41. pick sb up(用车)接某人
42. be privately owned私人拥有
43. make a prediction 进行预测
44. contribute … to … 把……贡献于……

句型
1.Believe it or not,he felt hurt at your words.
信不信由你,你的话伤了他的心。
2.It is crazy of you to buy the car at such a high price.
居然花那么高的价钱去买这辆车,你真是疯了。
3.Turn that music down; it’s driving me crazy!
把音乐调小声点儿,它吵得我心烦。
4.My wife’s going to pick me up in half an hour.
我妻子半小时后要来接我。
5.In order to learn English, I bought a radio which could pick up VOA.
为了学英语,我买了一台可收听《美国之音》的收音机。
6.You’ll soon pick up health when you get to the seaside.
到了海滨,你很快就会恢复健康。
7.Sam picked up some knowledge of the computer just by watching others working on it.
Sam通过观看别人操作电脑便学到了一些电脑知识。
8.I couldn’t agree more.
我完全同意。
9.Nothing is more precious than health.
健康的身体是最宝贵的。
10.You can never be careful enough while proofreading.
校对时你再怎么仔细都不为过。
11.Study hard, and you’ll make progress every day.
好好学习,天天向上。
12.Listen carefully, or you’ll miss something important.
认真听,否则你会漏掉一些重要内容。
13.One more effort,and you will succeed.
再努力一下,你就会成功。
14.I tried to reason with her but she won’t listen to me.
我想和她讲讲道理,但她不听我的。
15.The thing that matters is not whether you fail or not, but whether you try or not.
重要的不是你成功与否,而是你努不努力。
16.Amy joined a painting group but didn’t seem to fit in,so she left.
Amy参加了绘画小组,但好像不适应,所以离开了。



语法归纳
1. 不定式作定语的用法归纳
(1)被修饰名词前有序数词、形容词最高级或the only, the last, the very, the next修饰时,常用不定式作后置定语。被修饰名词和不定式具有逻辑主谓关系。
Eg. John Smith is the only person to know the secret.
(2)表示抽象概念的名词,后面用动词不定式做定语,用于解释中心词的内容,如ability, way, ambition, anxiety, attempt, campaign, chance, courage, decision, determination等。
Eg. She gave up the chance to go abroad.
(3)如不定式动词是不及物动词作定语时,其后须加一个适当的介词。例如:
Have you got a chair to sit on? 你有椅子坐了吗?

2.pay
(1)pay attention to注意
(2)pay a visit to拜访
(3)pay off付清,还清(债务);得到回报

3. sure
(1)make sure that
When you leave the office, make sure that all the lights are turned off.(灯关上了)
(2)make sure of / about 确保,弄清楚
You’d better make sure of the time and place for the meeting .(弄清楚开会得时间和地点)
(3)be sure to do肯定会,务必
He is sure to succeed/ win. 他肯定会赢。(说话者的主观意见)
(4)be sure of / about 有把握,肯定
He is sure of his success. 他确信自己会成功。(主语的观点)
= He is sure that he will succeed.

4. 一般将来时态
(1)will do sth / shall do sth 单纯表示将来要发生的动作,不强调已经打算好。be going to do sth 表示即将发生的或最近打算进行的事或表示说话人根据已有的迹象判断将要发生的事情
It is going to rain.
We are going to have a meeting today.
I am going to leave.
(2)be to do sth 表示安排、计划、决定、命令或注定要发生的事。
The boy is to go to school tomorrow.
The bridge is to be built next year.
(3)“be about to + 动词原形” 表示即将发生的动作,或已经打算好马上要去做的动作,意为 be ready to do sth. 后面一般不跟时间状语。
I’m about to leave.
(4)go, come, start, move, sail, leave, arrive, stay等表示位置转移的词可用进行时态表示按计划即将发生的动作。
I’m leaving for Beijing.
(5)某些动词(如come, go, leave, arrive, start, get, stay等表示位置转移的词)的一般现在时也可表示将来。表示按照时刻表上规定的时间将要发生,有具体的时间点。
The meeting starts at five o’clock.
The plane takes off at 7:05 am.
注意:在将来时态中,如果单纯表示将来,或即兴动作,用will;表示早已经打算好了则应该用be going to do / be to do /be about to do / be doing等。

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