• 学习内容

Module 1

单词
1.linguist ['liŋɡwist] n. 语言学家
2.accent ['æksənt] n. 口音
3.obvious ['ɔbviəs] adj. 显然的;显而易见的
4.motorway ['məutəwei] n. (英)高速公路
5.underground ['ʌndəgraund] n. (英)地铁
6.subway ['sʌbwei] n. (美)地铁
7.flashlight ['flæʃˌlait] n. (美)手电筒;火把
8.queue [kju:] vi. (英)排队(等候)
9.confusing [kən'fju:ziŋ] adj. 令人困惑的;难懂的
10.preposition [ˌprepə'ziʃən] n. 介词
11.compare [kəm'pεə] vt. 比较
12.omit [əu'mit] vt. 省略
13.variety [və'raiəti] n. 种类
14.differ ['difə] vi. 不同;有区别
15.settler ['setlə] n. 移民;定居者
16.remark [ri'mɑ:k] n. 评论;讲话
17.variation [ˌvεəri'eiʃən] n. 变化
18.steadily ['stedili] adv. 不断地;持续地
19.satellite ['sætəlait] n. 卫星
20.flick ['flik] n. 轻打;轻弹;抖动
21.switch [switʃ] n. 开关
22.structure ['strʌktʃə] n. 结构;体系
23.rapidly ['ræpidli] adv. 迅速地
24.announcement [ə'naunsmənt] n. 声明;宣告
25.linguistics [liŋ'gwistiks] n. 语言学
26.edition [i'diʃən] n. (广播、电视节目的)期;版
27.cute [kju:t] adj. 逗人喜爱的
28.add [æd] vt. 加;增加
29.present ['prezənt] vt. 陈述;提出(观点、计划等)
30.attempt [ə'tempt] n. 努力;尝试
31.simplify ['simplifai] vt. 简化
32.combination [ˌkɔmbi'neiʃən] n. 组合;结合
33.distinctive [dis'tiŋktiv] adj. 与众不同的
34.look [luk] n. 外观;外表;样子
35.criticize [ˈkrɪtɪsaɪz] vt. 批评
36.standard ['stændəd] adj. 标准的
37.reference ['refərəns] n. 参考;查阅

短语
1.It is obvious (to sb.) that (对某人来说)……是显然的
2.confuse A with/and B    把A和B相混淆
3.be confused by ... 被……搞糊涂了
4.in confusion  困惑地
5.compare. . .with. . .   把……和……比较
6.compare. . .to...       把……比作……
7.compared to/with    和……相比(作状语)
8.a variety of=varieties of    各种各样的
9.differ from sb./sth.    与某人或某物有区别
10.differ in...      在某方面不同
11.have sth.in common (with sb./sth.) (和某人或某物)有相同之处
12.have a lot/much/a great deal in common with. . . 与……有很多共同之处
13.have nothing/little in common with. . . 与……没有/几乎没有共同之处
14.in common with...    和……一样
15.make a difference   有关系;有重要性
16.make some difference to. . .     对……有些关系
17.make much difference to. . .   对……关系重大/有重大影响
18.make no difference to. . .       对……没有关系
19.be similar to      与……相似
20.be similar in      在……方面相似
21.have some/much difficulty(in)doing sth. 做某事有一些/很多困难
22.have some/much difficulty with sth. 做某事有一些/很多困难
23.with difficulty     困难地
24.lead to sb.doing sth.  使得某人做某事
25.lead sb.to do sth. 使得某人去做某事
26.announce sth.to sb.=announce to sb.sth  向某人宣布某事
27.add. . .to. . .   把……加到……中
28.add to  增加
29. add up 合计;加起来
30. add up to 总计达
31. make an announcement    发表声明,通知
32. at present   现在;目前
33. make an attempt to do sth.   试图做某事
34. make an attempt at doing sth. 试图(尝试)做某事
35. at one’s first attempt 第一次尝试
36. attempt at(doing)sth.  尝试(做)某事
37. in favour of   同意,支持,拥护
38. do sb. a favour    帮某人一个忙
39. ask sb. a favour =ask a favour of sb.  请求某人帮忙
40. in sb.’s favour  有助于某人;
41. refer to. . .as. . .  称……为……
42. refer to    参考
43. make (a) reference/ references to  提及,论及
44. now that   由于;既然
45. thanks to 幸亏,多亏
46.get around 四处走动

句型
1.There was a confused look on his face when he met with the confusing problem.
当他遇到这个让人困惑的难题时,他脸上露出了困惑的表情。
2.He does do well in physics; his classmates compare him to Newton Ⅱ.
他的物理的确太棒了;同学们把他比作牛顿第二。
3.Compared with/to 30 years ago, the Chinese standards in health care have greatly improved.
和30年前相比,中国的卫生保健水平得到了极大的提高。
4.Compare her work with others’, and you’ll find hers is much better.
=Comparing her work with others’, you’ll find hers is much better.
把她的工作与其他人的相比,你会发现她的好得多。
5.His opinion differs entirely from mine.
他的意见与我的完全不同。
6.The visiting minister expressed his satisfaction with the task, adding that he had enjoyed his
stay here.
来访部长表达了对工作的满意,并说在这儿他很开心。
7.All the people present at the meeting were asked to present their own opinions about this
matter.
所有出席这次会议的人都被要求陈述一下对这件事情的看法。
8.At present,many students want to go abroad for further education.
目前,许多学生想出国深造。
9.I passed my driving test at the first attempt.
我考驾照时一次就通过了。
10.In common with other middle-aged people, I like jogging in the morning.
与其他中年人一样,我喜欢早上慢跑。
11.The twins are so alike that it’s difficult to tell the difference.
这对双胞胎长得太像了,很难分出谁是谁。
12.The discovery of new evidence led to the thief/thief’s being caught.
新证据的发现致使小偷被抓。
13.Eating too much sugar can lead to health problems.
食用过多的糖会引起健康问题。



语法知识点
1.compare(v.)---comparison(n.)
compare A with B 把A和B比较
compare A to B 把A比作/比喻为B
compared  with /to 与……相比(作状语)
beyond comparison 无与伦比
in comparison 与……比较
by comparison 相比之下

2.differ(vi.), different(adj.), difference(n.)
differ in= be different in 在……方面不同
tell the difference between…and.. 区分……和……
differ from= be different from 不同于
differ with sb. on sth. 和某人在……方面不同
make a difference 有影响;起(重要)作用
have an effect on=have an influence on =affect =influence 对……有影响
▶It makes a big difference to your life whether you take an optimistic attitude or not.
你是否采取乐观的态度对你的人生有很大的影响。
3.common
have much(a lot)/something/little/nothing in common 有很多/有一些/几乎没有/没有共同点
in common with 和……一样

4.lead
lead to n./doing... 通往,通向……;导致,致使……
lead sb. to someplace 带领某人到某地
lead sb. to do sth. 使某人做某事,领某人干某事
命题方向:
1) lead to +doing/ being done
2)leading to作定语或状语
3)含介词的短语动词用在定语从句中,考查句中的谓语动词。
短语lead to中,to为介词,总结一下“动词+介词to”的常用短语:
pay attention to注意
devote… to…献身于
stick to坚持
be used to习惯于
belong to属于
object to反对
get down to开始认真做
contribute to为……做贡献
pay a visit to参观;拜访

5.difficulty
have some/much/no difficulty (in) doing sth.做某事有一些/许多/没有困难
There is some/no difficulty (in) doing sth.做某事有一些/没有困难
There is some/no difficulty with sth.在……方面有一些/没有困难(注意:difficulty为不可数名词)

6.attempt
attempt to do/ attempt at doing. 试图做;尝试做
make an/no attempt to do       (没有)试图/打算做
at one’s first attempt (to do) 第一次尝试做

7.add
add…to…把…加到…上
add to增加
add…up 把……加起来
add up to总计达

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