• 学习内容

Module 1
单词
1.brick [brɪk] n. 砖头
2.concrete 'kɒŋkri:t] n. 混凝土
3.mud [mʌd] n. 泥
4.alternative [ɔ:l'tɜ:nətɪv] adj. 替换的;供选择的
5.crime [kraɪm] n. 罪;罪行
6.prediction [prɪ'dɪkʃn] n. 预测
7.risky ['rɪski] adj. 危险的;冒险的
8.resource [rɪ'sɔ:s] n. 资源(常作复数)
9.material [mə'tɪəriəl] n. 材料
10.rely [rɪ'laɪ] vi. 依靠;依赖
11.solar ['səʊlə] adj. 太阳的
12.urban ['ɜ:bən] adj. 都市的;城市的
13.load [ləʊd] vt. 装;装载
14.landfill ['lændˌfɪl] n. 垃圾填埋地
15.arrest [ə'rest] vt. 逮捕;拘留
16.criminal ['krɪmɪnl] n. 罪犯;犯人
17.fire ['faɪə] vt. 开火;启动
18.limit ['lɪmɪt] n. (常作复数)范围
19.outdoors [ˌaʊt'dɔ:z] adv. 户外
20.online [ˌɒn'laɪn] adv. 联机地
21.catalogue ['kætəˌlɒg] n.目录
22.command [kə'mɑ:nd] n. 命令;指令
23.recreation [ˌrekri'eɪʃn] n. 娱乐;消遣
24.bowling ['bəʊlɪŋ] n. 保龄球游戏
25.softball ['sɒftbɔ:l] n. 垒球(运动)
26.charge [tʃɑ:dʒ] n. 费用;价钱
27.power ['paʊə] vt. 供给动力
28.flick [flɪk] n. 轻打;轻弹
29.switch [swɪtʃ] n.&vi. 开关;交换;调换
30.surgery ['sɜ:dʒəri] n. 外科手术
31.telesurgery [ˌtelɪ'sɜ:dʒəri] n. 远距离手术
32.outpatient ['aʊtˌpeɪʃnt] n. 门诊病人
33.clinic ['klɪnɪk] n. 诊所
34.disability [ˌdɪsə'bɪləti] n. 失去能力;伤残
35.attach [ə'tætʃ] vt. 系;贴;连接
36.spaceport ['speɪspɔ:t] n. 宇航基地
37.optimistic [ˌɒptɪ'mɪstɪk] adj. 乐观的;乐观主义的
38.dishwasher ['dɪʃˌwɒʃə] n. 洗碗碟机
39.definitely ['defənətli] adv. 无疑地;确定地
40.eventually [ɪ'ventʃuəli] adv. 最后;终于
41.colony ['kɒləni] n. 殖民地
42.predict [prɪ'dɪkt] vt. 预言;预料
43.shape [ʃeɪp] vt. 造成……形状
44.pad [pæd] n. (动物的)脚
45.doormat ['dɔ:ˌmæt] n. 门前擦鞋垫

短语
1. have no alternative but (=have no choice but) 除……外别无选择
2. alternative energy 可代替能源
3. an alternative plan 一个替代方案
4. load … with sth. 给……装某物
5. be on fire 着火(强调状态)
6. catch fire 失火(强调动作,无被动语态)
7. set fire to sth. 放火烧某物
8. command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
9. free of charge 免费,不花钱
10. in charge of 负责,管理
11. in the charge of 由……负责
12. take charge of 负责管理,负责照顾
13. be charged with… 被控告
14. attach sth. to sth. 把某物固定/附在某物上
15. attach oneself to 参加;和……在一起
16. be attached to… 连在……上;附属于……;系在……上
17. attach importance/value to sth. 认为某事很重要/有价值
18. for sure 肯定地
19. sb. is sure to do sth. 某人一定/肯定做某事
20. be sure that 确信
21. make sure of /about sth. 确保……
22. make sure that确保
23. sb. run out of sth. 某人用完了某东西
24. sth. run out 某物用完了(没有了)
25. rely on/upon 依靠,信赖;取决于
26. rely on it that… 指望……
27. get rid of 摆脱,丢掉;除去
28. place an order 订购
29. carry out an operation 做手术
30. be optimistic about…对……乐观
31. in shape 处于良好状态
32. in the shape of 以……形状
33. out of shape 变形,走样
34. look out of 向……外看
35. look out 小心,当心
36. for a start 首先
37. to start with = to begin with 首先,第一
38. from the start= from the beginning 从一开始
39. on the way out 即将被淘汰;即将过时
40. on the way 即将,来到,接近


句型
1.I’m too busy enjoying my life now to worry about the future.
我现在忙于享受我的生活,而无暇为未来担忧!
2.She will be only too pleased to help you.
她会很乐意帮助你的。
3.It’s never too late to learn.
活到老,学到老。
4.Not all predictions come true.
不是所有的预言都能成真。
5.As there is less and less coal and oil, scientists are exploring new ways of making use of alternative energy,such as sunlight, wind and water for power and fuel.
由于煤和石油越来越少,科学家们正在探索新的方法使用可替代能源来提供动力和燃料,像阳光、风和水等。
6.I had no alternative but to report him to the police.
除了向警察举报他,我别无选择。
7.Attach a recent photograph to your application form.
申请表上请贴一张近照。
8.Parents attach much importance to education.
父母都十分重视教育。
9.The armed police arrived and took command of the situation.
武装警察到达后就控制了局势。
10.Applicants will be expected to have a good command of computer skills.
申请人必须有很好的电脑技能。
11.With a good command of both Chinese and English, she had an advantage over others.
由于精通汉语和英语,她比其他人更有优势。
12.This technique is useful but it has its limitations.
这种技术实用但也有局限性。
13.Would you like to be in charge of the firm when I’m away?
我不在时你负责公司事务好吗?
14.They charged me five dollars for a cup of coffee.
他们一杯咖啡向我要价5美元。
15.She is under great pressure from heavy study loads.
面对沉重的学习负担,她压力很大。
16.There are loads of great places to see in Australia.
澳大利亚有很多值得看的好地方。
17.The beautiful sunset arrested our attention,and we stopped to watch it.
美丽的落日吸引了我们的注意力,我们驻足观看。
18.His patience is running out.
他快失去耐心了。
19.You may rely on it that I shall help you./You may rely on me to help you.
你可以指望我的帮助。
20.Nowadays we rely increasingly on computers for help/to help us.
现今人们越来越依赖计算机协助工作。



重点知识点
⒈ 倒装句
(1)all, both, every, everyone, everything与not连用时,表示部分否定。
(2)none, no( nobody, nothing), neither等词可表达全部否定。
There are no trees on both sides of the road.
马路的两侧都没有植树。
⒉ shape
be in bad/good shape 情况还处于混乱/有序状态,健康情况(不)佳
take shape成形,有显著发展
in the shape of 以……的形状
out of shape变样,不成样子,身体不舒服
⒊ run
run across 偶然发现,偶然碰到
run into偶然遇见;与……相撞
in the long run/term从长远看,从最终结果来看
in the short run 在不远的将来
run out= give out耗尽,用光(vi.) / run out of = use up (vt.)
⒋ rely
rely/depend on/upon (sb./sth. to do sth.) 依靠,信任,信赖(某人做某事)
rely on it that… 指望……
【拓展】depend on/upon依靠;取决于
That (all)depends. =It all depends. [口]要看情况而定。
类似功能单词:like/ hate/ appreciate/ see to (it) that确保;确定
⒌ attach
attach sth. to sth.把……系/缚在……
attach importance to sth. 重视……
be attached to sb./sth.依恋,留恋,爱慕某人/事物
6.charge n. 费用, 主管v. 收费
(1)charge sb. money for sth./ doing sth. 为……收某人钱
(sb.) take charge of 负责,管理
(sb. +be) in charge of(prep.)=(sth. +be) in the charge of sb. 由……负责,管理
free of charge 免费
(2)charge sb. with sth. =accuse sb. of sth.因某事控告某人
7. command
command/order sb. to do sth.
command/order (that) sb. (should) do sth.
一坚持要求:insist; 二命令:order, command; 三建议:suggest, propose, advise; 四请求:demand,desire, request, require+ that … (从句用should+v原形)

8. 将来进行时由“will / shall + be + doing”构成,具体用法如下:
(1) 表示将来某时刻或某段时间正在进行的动作。常与soon, tomorrow, this evening, on Sunday, by this time, in two days, tomorrow evening等表示将来的时间状语连用。如:
I will be having an English class at 8 tomorrow.
我明天八点钟正在上英语课。
Mary will be working in the factory in the next two months.
下两个月玛丽将在这个厂里工作。
At 7:00 this evening I will be watching the news programs on TV.
今晚七时,我将正在收看电视新闻节目。
This time tomorrow I shall be flying to New York.
明天这个时候我将飞往纽约。
(2) 表示预料不久要发生或将来的某种可能性,说话人往往有“我料想”或“我估计”的含义。
We believe that peasants’ life will be getting better and better.
我们相信农民的生活会越来越好。
If we don’t do so, we shall be making a serious mistake.
如果我们不那样做,我们就会犯严重的错误。
(3) 表示亲切或委婉的语气。如:
When shall we be meeting again?
我们什么时候再见面?
【注意】
在时间、条件等状语从句中,用现在进行时代替将来进行时。如:
Be careful when you are crossing the street.
过马路时要当心。
If Tom is doing his homework when you come back, don’t disturb him, please.
你回来时如果汤姆正在做作业,请不要打扰他。

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